TitreWhen press is not printed: the challenge of collecting digital newspapers at the Bibliothèque nationale de France
Type de publicationActes de colloque
Année de publication2012
AuteursClément Oury
Nom du colloqueIFLA World Library and Information Congress, satellite meeting of the "Newspapers" section
Lieu du colloqueMikkeli, Finlande
Résumé

Since its birth in the early seventeenth century, the press has played a prominent role in the political and social life of France. Over the two last decades, the economic and even cultural pillars on which the press ecosystem is built has been challenged by the growing use of digital technologies, and by the increasing role of the Internet as a way to distribute and access information. Heritage libraries need to address the accelerating shift from analogue to digital in order to maintain the continuity of their objectives and of their missions. Many aspects need to be taken into account: legal, scientific, technical, economic and organizational issues have to be identified and addressed. This paper looks at the example of the National Library of France (Bibliothèque nationale de France or BnF), and at the way it has dealt with collecting newspapers in digital form. During the ten last years, the BnF has launched several experiments, testing different approaches, with varying degrees of success: - Direct deposit of electronic publications on physical media (CDs and DVDs) or through FTP. - Fully automated web harvesting. Since December 2010, almost 100 news websites (national and daily newspapers, pure players, news portals...) are collected on a daily basis. -Web harvesting through agreements with producers.

URLhttps://hal-bnf.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00769084
Champ de recherche: 
when press is not printed the challenge of collecting digital newspapers at the bibliotheque nationale de france ifla world library and information congress satellite meeting of the newspapers section psince its birth in the early seventeenth century the press has played a prominent role in the political and social life of france over the two last decades the economic and even cultural pillars on which the press ecosystem is built has been challenged by the growing use of digital technologies and by the increasing role of the internet as a way to distribute and access information heritage libraries need to address the accelerating shift from analogue to digital in order to maintain the continuity of their objectives and of their missions many aspects need to be taken into account legal scientific technical economic and organizational issues have to be identified and addressed this paper looks at the example of the national library of france bibliotheque nationale de france or bnf and at the way it has dealt with collecting newspapers in digital form during the ten last years the bnf has launched several experiments testing different approaches with varying degrees of success direct deposit of electronic publications on physical media cds and dvds or through ftp fully automated web harvesting since december 2010 almost 100 news websites national and daily newspapers pure players news portals are collected on a daily basis web harvesting through agreements with producersp httpshalbnfarchivesouvertesfrhal00769084 mikkeli finlande clement oury
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