TitreThe French geographer Jean Baptiste d'Anville's archives (1697-1782): armchair mapping in different production contexts
Type de publicationArticle de colloque/conférence
Année de publication2009
AuteursLucile Haguet
Nom du colloqueMaps, Myths and Narratives. 23rd International Conference on the History of Cartography
Date de la réunion2009/07/13
OrganisateurInternational Conference on the History of Cartography
Lieu du colloqueKøbenhavn, Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Den Sorte Diamant
Résumé

The Jean-Baptiste d’Anville’s method (1697-1782) : Map making Egypt between the cartographical turn and the Expédition d’EgypteThe methods of French geographer Jean-Baptiste d’Anville were as famous as mysterious in the 18th century.His maps were considered as the most accurate of that time event hough he never travelled, even in France. This project will be ananalysis of his mapmaking methods which allowed him to draw very precise maps with accurate astronomical positions without travelling or using scientific tools. The only tool he used was a compass. In fact, d’Anville made no mystery about his method : he described it widely in many Mémoires that were associated with his maps, their purpose being to justify the results achieved by the geographer. Furthermore, he collected about 10500 printed and manuscript maps which allowed him to improve his own maps. Fortunately, this collection was never dispatched but was kept within the Bibliothèque Nationale de France under the cotation GeDD. 2987. Sowe have the rare opportunity to study the whole map archives of a geographer. The BNF kept also some manuscripts of d’Anville’s maps, «mémoires» and letters. We will be able to understand the way he was elaborating his maps by analyzing the different states of his work. The topic being too wide to be developed on a simple poster, we will concentrate on only one map : the map of the ancient Egypt. We know tha tthere is enough documentation about it : maps’manuscripts (GeD.10612, GeD.10617-10619,GeD.10363), roughwork (BnF Cpl GeDD-2987 (7804,3B)), and Mémoires (Mémoires sur l’Égypte ancienne et moderne, Paris, Imprimerie royale, 1766). Moreover thismap is one of the most famous d’Anville’s work. Bonaparte went in Egyptin 1798 with a map by d’Anville. Later, the Aegyptus antiqua by d’Anville was chosen to be publishedin the first edition of the Description de l’Egypte. And if possible, it would be very interesting to compare the method used by d’Anville in Egypt with the one he used for his South American maps which were already studied by Neil Safier.

Champ de recherche: 
the french geographer jean baptiste danvilles archives 16971782 armchair mapping in different production contexts maps myths and narratives 23rd international conference on the history of cartography 20090713 pthe jeanbaptiste danvilles method 16971782 map making egypt between the cartographical turn and the expedition degypteppthe methods of french geographer jeanbaptiste danville were as famous as mysterious in the 18th centurypphis maps were considered as the most accurate of that time event hough he never travelled even in france this project will be ananalysis of his mapmaking methods which allowed him to draw very precise maps with accurate astronomical positions without travelling or using scientific tools the only tool he used was a compass in fact danville made no mystery about his method he described it widely in many memoires that were associated with his maps their purpose being to justify the results achieved by the geographer furthermore he collected about 10500 printed and manuscript maps which allowed him to improve his own maps fortunbrately this collection was never dispatched but was kept within the bibliotheque nationale de france under the cotation gedd 2987 sowe have the rare opportunity to study the whole map archives of a geographer the bnf kept also some manuscripts of danvillebrs maps memoires and letters we will be able to understand the way he was elaborating his maps by analyzing the different stabrtes of his work the topic being too wide to be developed on a simple poster we will concentrate on only one map the map of the ancient egypt we know tha tthere is enough documentation about it mapsmanuscripts ged10612 ged1061710619ged10363 roughwork bnf cpl gedd2987 78043b and memoires memoires sur lgypte ancienne et moderne paris imprimerie royale 1766 moreover thismap is one of the most famous danvilles work bonaparte went in egyptbrin 1798 with a map by danville later the aegyptus antiqua by danville was chosen to be publishedbrin the first edition of the description de legypte and if possible it would be very interesting to compare the method used by danville in egypt with the one he used for his south american maps which were already studied by neil safierp kobenhavn det kongelige bibliotek den sorte diamant lucile haguet
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